Journal Identification

SECTION B: JOURNAL IDENTIFICATION TABLE
Journal title
Internal Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
URL link to “Information for Authors”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/101554912

Intended audiences
Policy makers in the healthcare and pharmaceutical sectors, scholars in the clinical pharmacy discipline, general public

Mission of the journal
It intends to offer a platform for the publication of clinical pharmacy articles and related practice-oriented subjects in pharmaceutical sciences. They include clinical pharmacy, pharmacoepidemiology, pharmacoeconomics, pharmaceutical care, pharmacy services research, clinical use of medicines, medical devices, and laboratory tests, and other clinical aspects of pharmacy

Publishing frequency
Bimonthly since 2011

Areas of topics
The scope of the Internal Journal of Clinical Pharmacy that entails the clinical pharmacy, its research and application in areas such as pharmaceutical care. Apart from this topics, others include Pharmacotherapy and outcome research

Clinical pharmacy
Pharmacoeconomics
Pharmacoepidemiology
Pharmaceutical care
Pharmacy services research
Clinical use of medicines, medical equipment, and laboratory tests
Current information regarding medications and medical devices
Medication management
Other clinical aspects of pharmacy
Types of articles in this journal

Reviews: This kind of articles should not exceed 3000 words excluding abstract and references. The structure should be as follows: Introduction, Aim of the review, Method, Results, Discussion and Conclusion. A structured abstract of maximum 350 words with the headings should also be provided: Background, Aim of the Review, Method, Results, and Conclusion.

Research articles: This type of articles should not exceed 3000 words excluding tables, figures, abstract, and references. They structure should be as follows: Introduction, Aim of the study, Ethical approval, Method, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion. A structured abstract of maximum 350 words with the headings: Background, Objective, Setting, Method, Main outcome measure, Results, Conclusion. Articles describing qualitative research get exemptions from having 4000 words in length.

Short research reports: This type of articles give the preliminary or limited results of original research and should not exceed 1500 words excluding abstract and have a maximum of 10 references. The structure of a short research report is similar to a research article, and they may only contain two tables or figures. The structure of the abstract of maximum 200 words with the headings: Background, Objective, Method, Results, Conclusion should get provided.

Case reports: This type of articles should not exceed 1500 words excluding abstract, but including a maximum of 10 references and only 1 table or figure. This kind of articles gets structured as follows: Introduction, Ethical approval, Case Description, Discussion, and Conclusion. A structured abstract of maximum 150 words with the headings: Case (description) and Conclusion should get provided.

Commentaries: This type of article allows writers to convey thoughts, considerations, opinions, or discuss issues. These articles should not exceed 2000 words, including a maximum of 20 references and only contain two tables or figures. An unstructured abstract of maximum 150 words gets required.

Letters to the Editor: Letters that comment on a published article will get considered for publication. The letters should not exceed 1000 words, including a maximum of 5 references and only containing a maximum of 1 table or figure. An abstract does not get required.

Brief description of the peer review process
All submissions including commentaries and letters were necessary to get peer reviewed by experts. The paper first gets checked for adherence to the instructions and the editorial policy of the journal. Plagiarism, as well as all references, then gets checked. If approved, the submission will be sent to reviewers. The review procedure takes approximately six weeks; although it may take up to 3 months sometimes. The author then receives information regarding acceptance of their article, needed revisions or rejection of their submission.

Impact factor
Current impact factor:
1.35

Impact Factor Rankings

2014 / 2015 Impact Factor

1.348

2013 Impact Factor

1.25

2012 Impact Factor

0.859

(Researchgate, 2016)

Reflection
One unique/distinct aspect of the journal

The Journal has an entirely web-enabled manuscript submission and review system. The system provides authors the option of tracking the review process of their manuscripts in real time. The log-in and submission procedures provided by the online manuscript and review system are not only comfortable but also straightforward, hence providing little or no problems to authors. A wide range of submission file formats that include Word, WordPerfect, TXT, RTF, and LaTeX for article text and EPS, PS, TIFF, GIF, JPEG and PPT for figures get supported. Only PDF manuscripts have not got accepted.

What is the Easiest Way to Get an Online Degree?

In the contemporary digital age, the quest for higher education has transformed significantly. The traditional pathways to obtaining a degree, which often involved attending classes on a physical campus, have been augmented by the rise of online education. This shift offers unprecedented flexibility and accessibility, making it easier than ever to pursue an online degree. However, navigating this new terrain can be overwhelming. This comprehensive guide aims to delineate the easiest way to get an online degree, providing a step-by-step approach to simplify your journey towards academic achievement.

Understanding Online Degrees
Before delving into the specifics, it’s important to understand what constitutes an online degree. An online degree is an academic qualification that can be earned primarily or entirely through the use of an internet-connected computer, rather than attending college in a traditional campus setting. These degrees are offered across various levels, including associate, bachelor’s, master’s, and even doctoral programs.

Step-by-Step Guide to Getting an Online Degree
Identify Your Goals and Interests
The first step in pursuing an online degree is to clearly define your academic and career goals. What field are you passionate about? What are your long-term career aspirations? Answering these questions will help you choose the right degree program.

Career Objectives: Determine how an online degree will enhance your career. Are you looking to advance in your current field, switch careers, or gain specialized knowledge?
Personal Interests: Ensure the subject matter of the degree aligns with your interests. This will keep you motivated throughout the program.
Research Accredited Institutions
Accreditation is a crucial factor when selecting an online program. Accredited institutions meet specific standards of quality and are recognized by educational authorities. Enrolling in an accredited program ensures that your degree will be respected by employers and other educational institutions.

Regional Accreditation: Generally considered the most prestigious and widely recognized.
National Accreditation: Often applies to specific types of institutions, such as technical or vocational schools.
Programmatic Accreditation: Specific to particular programs or departments within an institution.
Explore Degree Programs
Once you’ve identified your goals and accredited institutions, explore the degree programs they offer. Pay attention to the curriculum, course delivery methods, and flexibility. Key factors to consider include:

Program Length: Understand how long it will take to complete the program. Some schools offer accelerated options.
Course Structure: Look for programs that offer asynchronous learning, allowing you to access materials and complete assignments on your schedule.
Support Services: Ensure the institution provides robust student support services, such as academic advising, career services, and technical support.
Evaluate Technology Requirements
Online learning requires a reliable internet connection and specific technology. Verify the technical requirements for your chosen program to ensure your computer and software are adequate.

Hardware: Most programs require a computer with a webcam, microphone, and up-to-date operating system.
Software: Familiarize yourself with the learning management system (LMS) used by the institution, such as Blackboard, Canvas, or Moodle.
Internet Connection: A stable, high-speed internet connection is essential for accessing course materials and participating in live sessions.
Assess Financial Options
Financing your education is a critical aspect of the process. Explore various financial aid options available for online students, including:

Federal Financial Aid: Fill out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) to determine eligibility for grants, loans, and work-study programs.
Scholarships and Grants: Many institutions and organizations offer scholarships and grants specifically for online students.
Employer Tuition Assistance: Check if your employer provides tuition assistance or reimbursement programs.
Apply to Your Chosen Program
After thorough research and planning, it’s time to apply to the online programs that best fit your goals and needs. Each institution will have its application process, which typically includes:

Application Form: Complete the online application form with your personal and academic information.
Transcripts: Submit official transcripts from previous educational institutions.
Personal Statement: Write a compelling personal statement or essay explaining your interest in the program and your career goals.
Letters of Recommendation: Some programs may require letters of recommendation from previous teachers or employers.
Standardized Tests: Depending on the program, you may need to submit scores from standardized tests such as the SAT, ACT, GRE, or GMAT.
Prepare for Online Learning
Once accepted into a program, prepare yourself for the unique challenges and opportunities of online learning. Effective time management, self-discipline, and strong communication skills are essential for success.

Time Management: Create a schedule that balances your coursework with other responsibilities. Use tools like calendars and to-do lists to stay organized.
Learning Environment: Set up a dedicated, distraction-free study space at home.
Engagement: Actively participate in online discussions and group projects. Engaging with peers and instructors enhances your learning experience.
Utilize Available Resources
Take full advantage of the resources and support services provided by your institution. These might include:

Academic Advising: Regularly meet with an academic advisor to stay on track with your program.
Library Services: Access online libraries and research databases.
Career Services: Seek assistance with resume writing, job searches, and interview preparation.
Technical Support: Contact tech support for help with any technical issues you encounter.
Stay Motivated and Focused
Maintaining motivation and focus throughout your online degree program is crucial. Here are some tips to help you stay on course:

Set Goals: Break down your degree program into manageable milestones and celebrate your achievements along the way.
Stay Connected: Build a network with fellow students and faculty. Join online study groups or discussion forums.
Self-Care: Prioritize your physical and mental well-being. Take breaks, exercise, and ensure you get enough rest.
Complete Your Degree and Plan Your Next Steps
As you approach the completion of your degree program, start planning your next steps. This might involve:

Graduation Requirements: Ensure you meet all graduation requirements, including any capstone projects or internships.
Career Planning: Utilize career services to refine your resume, practice interview skills, and explore job opportunities.
Continued Learning: Consider pursuing further education or certifications to advance your career.
Advantages of Online Degrees
Opting for an online degree offers several advantages that make it an attractive option for many students:

Flexibility: Online degrees offer unparalleled flexibility, allowing students to balance their studies with work, family, and other commitments. You can access course materials and complete assignments at your convenience, making it easier to fit education into your life.
Accessibility: Online education opens doors for individuals who may not have the opportunity to attend traditional on-campus programs. This includes people living in remote areas, those with disabilities, or those with demanding work schedules.
Cost-Effectiveness: Online programs often have lower tuition fees compared to on-campus programs. Additionally, you can save on commuting, housing, and other associated costs.
Variety of Programs: The range of online degree programs is vast, covering virtually every field of study. This diversity allows you to find a program that aligns perfectly with your career goals and interests.
Technological Proficiency: Engaging in online learning helps you develop essential technological skills that are increasingly valuable in today’s job market.
Challenges and Solutions
While online degrees offer numerous benefits, they also come with challenges that require careful consideration and proactive solutions:

Self-Discipline: Without the structure of traditional classes, it can be easy to procrastinate. Solution: Develop a consistent study routine and use productivity tools to stay on track.
Isolation: Online learning can sometimes feel isolating. Solution: Engage actively in online forums, participate in virtual study groups, and communicate regularly with instructors and peers.
Technical Issues: Technical problems can disrupt your studies. Solution: Ensure you have reliable technology and familiarize yourself with the technical support resources available through your institution.
Accreditation Concerns: Not all online programs are accredited, which can impact the credibility of your degree. Solution: Thoroughly research and verify the accreditation status of any program before enrolling.
Popular Online Degree Programs
To give you an idea of the diverse options available, here are some popular fields of study for online degrees:

Business Administration: Online business degrees are highly sought after due to their broad applicability in various industries. Programs often cover management, marketing, finance, and entrepreneurship.
Information Technology: IT degrees are in high demand, offering specializations in areas such as cybersecurity, software development, and network administration.
Healthcare: Online degrees in healthcare fields, including nursing, healthcare administration, and public health, prepare students for essential roles in the medical sector.
Education: Online education degrees cater to aspiring teachers and educational administrators, providing pathways to certification and advanced teaching techniques.
Psychology: Psychology programs online offer insights into human behavior and prepare students for careers in counseling, therapy, and research.
Engineering: Many institutions offer online engineering degrees with specializations in civil, mechanical, electrical, and computer engineering.
Tips for Success in Online Learning
To maximize your success in an online degree program, consider the following tips:

Stay Organized: Use digital tools like calendars, task managers, and note-taking apps to keep track of deadlines and assignments.
Actively Participate: Engage with course content, contribute to discussions, and collaborate with peers to enhance your learning experience.
Seek Feedback: Regularly seek feedback from instructors and use it to improve your performance.
Network: Build connections with classmates, instructors, and professionals in your field through online networking platforms and virtual events.
Manage Stress: Develop

School uniform policy

Introduction

The assessment of the debate of whether children should wear school uniform is one that has been in existence for long amid the assertion that schools in the US should adopt a uniform policy. The adoption of the uniforms rules had been considered as a means of stopping children from dressing in gang colors in most of the troubled urban areas. Later, there were assertions that the introduction of school uniforms resulted in the better discipline while the results of these students improved, an issue that encouraged different districts as well as schools to implement the change. However, issues that support the desire not to have uniforms in the school incline me into supporting those who argue against the introduction of the uniform policy.

One of the assertions by the proponents of the school uniform policy is that it leads to the creation of a desirable feeling of belonging to an institution for the students wearing the uniform. The assertion is, however, wrong, as making the wearing of uniforms by the students will only lead to the hampering of the students’ original thinking. Compelling children to subscribe to a certain way of thinking hampers their independence in future, being unable to make their opinions without the assistance of others effectively. Everyone has a right to individuality, making one’s decisions as well as expressing their personality (Wilken, Ilani, & Van Aardt, P 159-184). Compelling children to wear the certain type of clothing thus is an infringement of their right of free expression. The assertion, in this case, is that the protection of the right to free expression is central to the development of the personalities of the young people, and choosing what to wear to should be left within their purview.

The assertion that adopting the policy on school uniforms is going to be a way of ensuring that the students are more focused on their education and not their clothes have been used to support the adoption of the uniform policy. The fact when it comes to the assessment of the issue is that school uniforms have become a means of promoting the element of conformity over the case for individuality. The culture that characterizes the current school environments is that promote the appreciation of the diversity of the children, which implies that the efforts that are geared towards the enforcement of the standardized dress code are a contradiction to this culture (Gentile, Elisabetta, & Imberman, P1-17). Further, the issue of the gendered schools that dictate boys have to wear pants while girls wear skirts, it brings new challenges in a society that is keen in accommodating the transgendered individuals, gender non-conforming as well as the gender fluid students who are left feeling ostracized.

There has been the assertion by the supporters of the policy on school uniforms that they assist in the creation of the leveled playing ground among the students from different background in addition to the reduction of peer pressure and bullying. The assertion has however been found to be flawed in that the adoption of school uniforms does not reduce the cases of bullying and that it has been seen to increase the case of bullying (Mimmo, P4-5). The issue here is that the introduction of the compulsory school uniforms the doubling of fights in the middle schools in the same year. The fact that there does not exist official data supporting the assertion that the introduction of the compulsory uniforms serves to reduce the case of violence in schools further serves to water down the argument of the parties supporting the introduction.

The argument that introducing uniform policy serves to enhance the pride of school, the unity as well as the community spirit. The fact of the matter, however, is that school uniforms fail to address an issue of academic preparedness, school attendance, and the exam results. The overall assertion is that the adoption of the school uniforms does not have any impact on the desire of the students to attend schools, behavioral improvements as well as issues of substance abuse (Brookshire, P6-18. It has become evident through research that school uniforms have no impact on the performance of the second-grade students in mathematics and reading examination, with the case being the same for the 10th-grade mathematics, reading, and history and science examinations.

The further assertion that school uniforms help parents to save money and thus supporting the adoption of the school uniform policy has been negated by the fact that the time that is spent addressing the enforcement of the district the stakeholders from resolving the core issues affecting the schools (Bhembe & Mfanzile, P20.35). The time and resources spent on the assessment of how the policy is going to be implemented only served to detract the concerned parties from the efforts meant to reduce the rates of crime as well as enhance school performance.